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Thursday, March 14, 2019

History of Aurangzeb : 1658-1707, By Arvaz Rizvi(Silent Classes)

History of Aurangzeb : 1658-1707 

 History of Aurangzeb : 1658-1707, 

  • Aurangzeb defeated Dara at Dharmat(1658), Samugarh(1658) and Deorai in which Samugarh was decicive one and Deorai was last one.
  • After victory, Aurangzeb was crowned at Delhi under the tittle Alamgir. He ruled for 50 years till his death in Feb, 1707 in Ahmadnagar.
 
Arvaz Rizvi
Aurangzeb

  • During the first 23 years of the rule(1658-81) Aurangzeb concentrated on North India.
  • The 10th and last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, son of Guru Teg Bahadur, organised his followers into militant force called Khalsa to fight the muslim tyranny adavenge the murder of his father. Guru Gobind Singh was, However murdered in 1708 by an Afghan at Nander in Deccan. Banda Bairagi, the militant successor of Guru Gobind Singh continued the war against Mughals.
  • Aurangzeb left the North in 1682 and for the next 25 years(1682-1707) made desperate bids to crush the Marathas.
  • Shivaji was the most powerful Maratha king an arch enemy of Aurangzeb. When Aurangzeb could not eliminate Shivaji. On a assurance given by Jai Singh, Shivaji visited Aurangzeb's court. Shivaji was imprisoned by Aurangzeb but the managed to escape and 1674 proclaimed himself and independent monarch. He died in 1680 and was succeeded by his son Sambha ji, who was executed by Aurangzeb in 1689.
  • The mughal conquests reached a climax during Aurangzeb's reign, as a Bijapur and Golconda were annexed in 1686 and 1687, respectively.
  • Aurangzeb died in 1707. He was buried Khuldabed.
  • He was called Zinda Pir, the living saint.  
  • Jaziya was re-introduced.

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