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Friday, March 8, 2019

Explain the Life of Gautam Buddha, Point by Point explaination by ARVAZ RIZVI(Silent Classes)

Explain the Life of Gautam Buddha--

Gautam Buddha

 

  • Gautam Budhha, founder of Buddhism, was born in 563 BC on the vaisakha purnima day at Lumbinivana in kapilvastu in the Shakya khatriya clan.
  • His father Suddhdhana was the republican king of kapilvastu and mother Mahamaya was a princess of Kosala dynasty.
  • After his mother's early death, he was brought up by his step mother and aunt Mahaprajapati Gauatami.
  • His father married him at an early age to Yashodhara from whom he had a son Rahul.
  • Four sights-an old man, a deseased person, a dead body and ascetic-proved to be a turning point in his carrier.
  • At the age of 29, he renounced home, this was his Mahabhinishakramana and become a wandering ascetic.
  • His first teacher was Alara Kalama from whom he learnt the technique of maditation.
  • His next teacher was Udraka Ramputra.
  • At the age of 35, under a pipal tree at Uruvella on the bank of river Niranjana he attained Nirvana after 49 days of continuous meditation; now he was fully enlightened.
  • Buddha deliverd his first sermon at Sarnath to his five deciples, this is known as Dharmachakra Pravartana.
  • He died at the age of 80 in 483 BC at Kushinagar (identical with the village kasia in Siddhartanagar janapada of Deoria district of U.P.). This is known as Mahaparinirvana.
  • Kanthaka- Buddha's horse, Channa- Buddha's charioteer, Devadatta- Buddha's cousin, Sujata- the farmer's daughter who gave him rice milk at bodh gaya and Other names of buddha- Gautam, Siddhartha, Shakya Muni. 

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